Cows in Veda

GIR,Gujrat

1.    इह गाव: प्रजायध्वमिहाश्वा इह पूरुषा:।

इहो सहस्रदक्षिणोsपि पूषा नि षीदति ॥ अथर्व 20.127.12

हमारे यहां उत्तम गौएं पैदा हों, उत्तम ऊर्जा के साधन उपलब्ध हों . हमारे राष्ट्र में पौरुष सम्पन्न पुरुष पैदा हों. हमारे राष्ट्र में हज़ारों की संख्या में दानादि कर्म द्वारा समाज का पोषण करने वाले समृद्ध जन भी हों .

I pray that we are blessed with excellent cows to be born here. We should be blessed with excellent sources of energy.  We should be blessed with courageous, virile and brave men in our society. We should be blessed with thousands of philanthropists to share their wealth and knowledge with the needy among us.

2.    नेमा इन्द्र गावो रिषन्‌ मो आसां गोप रीरिषत्‌ ।

मासाममित्रयूर्जन इन्द्र मा स्तेन ईशत्‌ ।। अथर्व 20.127.13

हमारे इस उत्तम शासित  राष्ट्र में  गौओं की हिंसा  न हो. aaaगौओं की सेवा करने वालों का भी अहित न हो.  गौओं का अमित्र- अहित चाहने वाला भी गौओं का बुरा न कर पाए, गौओं के उत्पादनों की चोरी  करने वाले – मिलावट करने वाले भी न हों .

In our well governed nation, cows should never be harmed. Those who render good services to the cows should receive full encouragement and protection. Those that exploit the cows and produce adulterated milk and cow products should not be amongst us.

रक्षोहाग्नि वेदों से

RV10.87-AV 8.3- रक्षोहाग्नि

agnihotram

Author- Subodh Kumar

 

 पायुर्भारद्वाज:। रक्षोहाऽग्नि: । त्रिष्टुप्, 22-25 अनुष्टुप् ।

ऋषि:-पायुर्भारद्वाज: ‘पातीतिपायु:’ = शत्रुओं से प्रजा की रक्षा करने वाला  पायु है. शक्ति से भरा होने पर ही यह शत्रुओं से रक्षा कर सकेगा, इसी से इसे ‘पायु: भारद्वाज’ नाम मिला।

This Sookt is about obtaining protection from agents that cause pain, disease and destruction of healthy life and community. It can be interpreted at different levels. Our enemies can be germs carrying diseases in the environments, and can be treated by Agnihotra. Enemies of society can also be criminals, thieves, saboteurs, black marketers, smugglers, adulterators, from which society has to be protected by joint actions of community and law enforcement by ruling forces.

Modern Science on importance of AgnihotraNegative Ion generation by Agnihotra

  Fire is Plasma & creates Negative Ions

The big difference between regular gas and plasma is that in a plasma a fair fraction of the atoms are ionized.  That is, the gas is so hot, and the atoms are slamming around so hard, that some of the electrons are given enough energy to (temporarily) escape their host atoms.  The most important effect of this is that a plasma gains some electrical properties that a non-ionized gas doesn’t have; it becomes conductive and it responds to electrical and magnetic fields.  In fact, this is a great test for whether or not something is a plasma.

For example, our Sun (or any star) is a miasma of incandescent plasma.  One way to see this is to notice that the solar flares that leap from its surface are directed along the Sun’s (generally twisted up and spotty) magnetic fields.

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A solar flare as seen in the x-ray spectrum.  The material of the flare, being a plasma, is affected and directed by the Sun’s magnetic field.  Normally this brings it back into the surface (which is for the best).

We also see the conductance of plasma in “toys” like a Jacob’s Ladder.  Spark gaps have the weird property that the higher the current, the more ionized the air in the gap, and the lower the resistance (more plasma = more conductive).  There are even scary machines built using this principle.  Basically, in order for a material to be conductive there need to be charges in it that are free to move around.  In metals those charges are shared by atoms; electrons can move from one atom to the next.  But in a plasma the material itself is free charges.  Conductive almost by definition.

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A Jacob’s ladder.  The electricity has an easier time flowing through the long thread of highly-conductive plasma than it does flowing through the tiny gap of poorly-conducting air.

As it happens, fire passes all these tests with flying colors.  Fire is a genuine plasma.  Maybe not the best plasma, or the most ionized plasma, but it does alright.

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The free charges inside of the flame are pushed and pulled by the electric field between these plates, and as those charged particles move they drag the rest of the flame with them.

Even small and relatively cool fires, like candle flames, respond strongly to electric fields and are even pretty conductive.  There’s a beautiful video here that demonstrates this a lot better than this post does.

Negative ion production has many benefits. In general negative ion production produces air similar to the air outside after a thunder and rain storm. If you have experienced a thunderstorm then you have noticed the tension that builds up in the air before a storm as the positive ions in the air reach a peak. When the storm hits electrical charges are produced in the atmosphere and rain falls. The resultant air is oxygen rich and full of negative ions. The sensations of calm and clarity can be felt in the air after a storm. This is similar to the quality of the air produced in the home with negative ion production especially if combined with ozone production as ozone (03) is also produced in abundance after a thunderstorm. There are hundreds of scientific papers and studies on the positive effects on negative ions. The following lists a few of the findings.

  • Seasonal depression symptoms decreased for the group receiving high density treatment with negative ions.
  • Neg. ions, counteracted the effects of cigarette smoke, specifically the slowing down of the cilia (mucous and carcinogenic removing filaments) in the lungs.
  • After exposure of 15 min./ day for 25 days to male subjects. After 9 days work capacity increased 50% and by the 25 the day 87%.
  • 100s of patients treated for relief from hay fever and asthma. After 15 min. in front of a negative ionizer they felt so much better they didn’t want to leave. Relief lasted for about 2 hours after returning to unionized conditions.
  • Plants show and increased growth rate.
  • Increased in alertness in humans as well as reduced symptoms of migraines, asthma, palpitations, depression and irritability.
  • Over 5 year period treating 500 patients, negative ionization cured 45% of hyperthyroid cases.
  • Bacteria counts reduced. Escherichia, pseudomonas, klebsiella, staphylococci, streptococci and candida counts reduced by 50% within 6 hours and 70% within 24 hours of neg. ion exposure.
  • Aerosol sprayed bacteria cultures in air were virtually eliminated in 60 min. with high negative ion exposure.
  • Headaches in office air conditioned computer room reduced by 78%.
  • Hospital usage for burn victims. Sealed room with negative ion treatment for severe burn patients reduced pain to nil without the usage of morphine or narcotics in 85% of the cases. 57% of post surgical cases experienced significant pain reduction upon negative ion treatment.

 

1.रक्षोहणं वाजिनमा जिघर्मि मित्रं प्रथिष्ठमुप यामि शर्म ।
शिशानो अग्नि: क्रतुभि: समिध्द: स नो दिवा स रिष: धातु नक्तम् ।। 10.87.1

यज्ञाग्नि घृतादि हवि से बलशाली हो कर राक्षस- विनाशी रूप धारण करता है. समोधाओं से प्रचंड हो कर  दिन और रात्रि में (हर समय) हमें (दूषित पर्यावरण के) कष्ट से बचावे.

Homa strengthened by offerings of Ghee etc. destroys all negative elements unfriendly to our life. Homa fires on being fed by wood etc. gain sharpness to proved protection all time-day and night.

अयोदंष्ट्रो अर्चिषा यातुधानानुप स्पृश जातवेद: समिध्द: ।
आ जिह्वया मूरदेवान् रभस्व क्रव्यादो वृक्त्व्यपि धत्स्वासन् ।। 10.87.2

The offerings in the fire by its contact reduce the disease causing germs to ashes. This is as if the Agnihotra provides steel teeth in their jaws to chew away ‘flesh eaters’ and a tongue to digest the flesh eating enemies.

 हे सर्वज्ञ अग्ने! हमारी समिधा से प्रदीप्त हो कर अपनी लपटों जैसी डाढ़ों से मृत्यु तुल्य पीड़ा देने वाले  मांस भक्षी राक्षसों को चबा जा.

 

.(Following scientific information is thankfully acknowledged from Wikipedia)

Many different microorganisms can be in aerosol form in the atmosphere, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, yeasts and protozoan’s. In order to survive in the atmosphere, it is important that these microbes adapt to some of the harsh climatic characteristics of the exterior world, including temperature, gasses and humidity. Many of the microbes that are capable of surviving harsh conditions can readily form endosperms, which can withstand extreme conditions (Al-Dagal 336).

Details of well known airborne diseases causing germs are being given in the two tables here.

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Germs’ life cycle in the environment/ atmosphere is depicted in the figure below:

 

The microbes undergo the emission process, in which they are emitted from surfaces such as water, soil or vegetation and become airborne and transported into the airstream. The red boxes indicate some of the harsh environmental conditions that the microbes must withstand while airborne. The microbes that are able to withstand and survive these environmental pressures are the more resistant varieties. The microbes make it into clouds, where they can begin the breakdown of organic compounds. Finally, the microbes are “rained” out of the clouds through wet deposition, and they begin colonization of their new location (Amato 2012).

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Following is a digression to demonstrate how Agnihotra destroys various types of disease causing enemies in the atmosphere.

(Vedic tradition lays down a ten day regime of Havan in the maternity wards to bring about resistance and immunity to new born child and the mother both.

प्रातः सायं दोनो समय प्रसूतिका के कक्ष में अक्षत् – साबत चावल और सरसों के पीले बीजों से गो घृत से निम्न मंत्रों से अग्नि में न्यूनतम  दो आहुति देनी होती हैं ।

1.ओं शण्डामर्का उपवीरः शौडिकेय ऽउलूखलः ।

मलिम्लुचो द्रोणासश्च्यवनो नश्यतादितः स्वाहा ।। इदं शण्डादिभ्यः इदन्न मम् . pa gr sookt.1.16.23

2. ओं आलिखन्ननिमिषः किंवदन्त उपश्रुतिः।

हर्यक्षः कुम्भीशत्रुः पात्रपाणिर्नृ मणिर्हन्त्रीमुखः सर्षपारुणश्च्यवनो नश्यतादितः स्वाहा।। इदमालिखन्ननिमिषाय किंवदद्भ्यः उपश्रुतये हर्यक्षाय कुम्भीशत्रवे पात्र पाणये नृमणये हन्त्रीमुखाय सर्षपारुणाय च्यवनाय, इदन्नमम्.pa.gr.sookt. 1.16.23

 Roughly translated by a non medical science person these two mantras carry the following sense.

(शण्डामर्का –are names given to two demons. They have  killer habits and are  from  the family of bacilli such as  found in milk curds etc. being of organic origins– उपवीरः शौडिकेय  with abilities to cause physical pains discomfort to the ऽउलूखलः  the bacteria being very small in size  as if ground and mixed together in a pestle with mortar…

मलिम्लुचो  disease caused by contagion associated with lack of hygiene  द्रोणासश्च्यवनो objects entering with breath through nose (manifesting as colds and coughs in the initial stages), नश्यतादितः and causing debility to the body of this new born may get destroyed. इदं शण्डादिभ्यः इदन्न मम  This offering in the fire is for them and not for me.

2. आलिखन्ननिमिषः causing invisible scratches /coatings /injuries (insect bites)  किंवदन्त  inimical to children (those without teeth) उपश्रुति: said to be demons, हर्यक्षः depriving eyesight कुम्भीशत्रुः  enemies of both the eye cavities पात्रपाणिर्नृ  as if  seeking alms with both hands मणिर्हन्त्रीमुखः  as if  with mouths wide open to kill/destroy सर्षपारुणश्च्यवनो of different colors नश्यतादितः  may get destroyed and thrown away)

Agnihotra changes the temperaments

उभोभयाविन्नुप धेहि दंष्ट्रा हिंस: शिशानोऽवरं परं च ।
उतान्तरिक्षे परि याहि राजञ्जंभै: सं धेहयभि यातुधानान् ।। RV10.87.3, AV 8.3.3

The fire in Agnihotra –Homa has two rows of teeth. These are sharpened by strong intense fires of agnihotra, to march radiantly to reach far wide and high to crush the two enemies शिशानोऽवरं परं च desires and anger at non fulfilling of the desires from our temperament in life there. उतान्तरिक्षे परि याहि राजञ्जंभै: सं धेहयभि यातुधानान्- The agnihotra is also to establish on the horizon of our temperaments the  habit of constantly engaging in constructive activities that prevent negative self destructive /depression in our life.

यज्ञैरिषू: संनममानो अग्ने वाचा शल्याँ अशनिभिर्दिहान: ।
ताभिर्विध्य हृदये यातुधानान् प्रतीचो बाहून् प्रति भङ्ध्येषाम् ।। RV10.87.4, AV 8.3.6

The arrows and javelins of fire get directed and motivated by mantras recited loudly accompanying the Fires of Agnihotra.

अग्ने त्वचं यातुधानस्य भिन्धि हिंस्राशनिर्हरसा हन्त्वेनम् ।

प्र पर्वाणि जातवेदो शृणीहि क्रव्यात्क्रविष्णुर्वि चिनोतु वृक्णम् ।। RV10.87.5,AV8.3.4

Oh fire of Agnihotra percolate in to the skin of sufferers from skin disease. Select all the germs that eat in to the flesh and destroy every one of them.

हे यज्ञाग्नि रोगी की त्वचा का भेदन करो , मांस खाने वाले कृमियों को लक्षित कर के प्रत्येक को नष्ट कर दो.

यत्रेदानीं पश्यसि जातवेदस्तिष्ठन्तमग्र उत वा चरन्तम् ।
यद्वान्तरिक्षे पथिभि: पतन्तं तमस्ता विध्य शर्वा शिशानो ।। RV10.87.6,AV8.3.5

Agnihotra flames (and gases) travel far and wide in to the atmosphere and wherever in the environments they see a disease carrying organism they direct their arrows to destroy them.

हे यज्ञाग्नि जहां कहीं भी तुम रोगाणुओं को बैठे हुए, चलते फिरते अथवा अंतरिक्ष में उड़ते पीड़ा देने  वाले  रक्षसों को देखो उन्हें एक धनुर्धर के तीक्ष्ण बाणों से बींध दो.

यज्ञैरिषु: संनममानो   अग्ने  वाचा शल्यां अशनिभिर्दाहन: ।

विंध्य हृदये यातुधानान्‌ प्रतीचो बाहून्‌ प्रति भँङ्ग्ध्येषाम्‌॥ AV8.3.6

Mantras chanted with Agnihotra further sharpen the arrows and coat them with medicines (of Havi) which the enemies are destroyed by Agnihotra.

यज्ञों की अग्नि के  साथ साथ मंत्र ध्वनि से आचार्यों द्वारा तीक्ष्ण किये वज्र और हवि की ओषधियों से लेपन किए बाणों  द्वारा राक्षस  (रोगाणुओं की) भुजाओं को नष्ट भ्रष्ट कर के उन्हे पलट दो.

उतालब्धं स्पृणुहि जातवेद आलेभानादृष्टिभिर्यातुधानात् ।

अग्ने पूर्वो नि जहि शोशुचान आमाद: क्ष्विंकास्तमदन्त्वेनी: ।। RV10.87.7,AV8.3.7

हे यज्ञाग्नि शत्रुओं द्वारा पकड़े यज्ञ करने वाले जनों को सुरक्षा प्रदान कर. शब्द करने वाले राक्षसों ( मच्छर मक्खी आदि को) अपने चमकते हुए  आकर्षण से मार. ( अग्नि की ज्योति की ओर ऐसे कीटाणु आकर्षित हो कर नष्ट हो जाते  हैं ) पुन: कच्चा मांस खाने वाले राक्षसों को  सफेद सफेद चीलें अपना आहार बनावें .(मच्छर मक्खी इत्यादि  कि  रोक के लिए विद्युत प्रकाश से आधुनिक सन्यंत्र  बनते हैं )
Fumigation Wood treatment 

इह प्र ब्रूहि यतम: सो अग्ने यो यातुधानो य इदं कृणोति ।
तमा रभस्व समिधा यविष्ठ नृचक्षसश्चक्षुषे रन्धयैनम् ।। RV10.87.8,AV8.3.8

( निरीक्षण कर के) यह बताओ कि किस  काष्ठादि में कृमि  अनुचित  कार्य कर रहे हैं. हे यज्ञाग्नि उन को अपनी पकड़  में ले कर उन काष्ठादि को  सब जन निरीक्षकारियों द्वारा उपयुक्त बना.

Inspect and identify wooden materials which are liable to get damaged by undesirable pests (White ants, Termite etc.). Subject the wooden material to Agnihotra fumes to reach these wood damaging organisms and destroy them to make the wooden materials acceptable on inspection. (Wood treatment by in special process for fumigation is a very standard modern technique.)

तीक्ष्णेनाग्ने चक्षुषा रक्ष यज्ञं प्राञ्चं वसुभ्य: प्र णय प्रचेत: ।
हिंस्रं रक्षांस्यभि शोशुचानं मा त्वा दभन्यातुधाना नृचक्ष: ।। RV10.87.9,AV8.3.9

Sharpened vision strategy of regularly performed Agnihotra (with Mantras and medicinal Havi) , directly attacks the enemies ( the infections) and strengthens the positive healthy elements in life.

हे यज्ञाग्नि अपनी तीक्ष्ण  दृष्टि से हमारे इस यज्ञ व्यवस्था से रक्षा कर. (हम नित्य यज्ञ करने  के कर्तव्य से कभी विमुख न हों ) हमारी दी हुइ हवि समस्त वसुओं –हमारे निवास स्थानों  तक पहुंचे. हमारे चारो ओर के पर्यावरण में हमें हानि  पहुंचाने वाले शत्रु कृमि इत्यादि को भस्म कर दो. हम जीवों को ये राक्षस कभी दबा न पाएं. ( कभी कोइ महामारी रोग हमरे समाज को न पकड़े )

नृचक्षा रक्ष: परि पश्य विक्षु तस्य त्रीणि प्रति शृणीहयग्रा ।
तस्याग्ने पृष्टीर्हरसा शृणीहि त्रेधा मूलं यातुधानस्य वृश्च ।। RV10.87.10,AV8.3.10

हे अग्ने ! तुम मनुष्यों के पाप पुण्य कर्म देखने वाले हो , सब ओर निगरानी रखते हुए मुख्यत: तीन प्रकार के रोगदायक राक्षसों का विनाश करो

Agnihotra ensures well being of all. They traverse the environment to keep a watch over the three types of harmful Germs and destroy these three types of germs by appropriate three methods. (According to modern science the germs are broadly classified in to three types based on their shapes and behavior. 1. Bacteria is from ‘bacillus’ Latin word for ‘little rod’ like shapes. 2. Spherical bunch grape like shapes growing in chains are called ‘Staphylococcus’.3. Flagellate germs that have a self propelling flagellate at one end.)

अग्निहोत्र नित्यकर्म है रोगाणु 3 प्रकार के 

त्रिर्यातुधानो प्रसितिं त एत्वृतं यो अग्ने अनृतेन हन्ति ।
तमर्चिषा स्फूर्जयंजातवेदो समक्षमेनं गृणतेनि वृङ्ंधि ।। RV10.87.11,AV8.3.11

ये 3 प्रकार के रोगाणु अग्निहोत्र द्वारा बार बार नष्ट किए जाते हैं  ( और पुन: उत्पन्न हो जाते  हैं.) नित्य अग्निहोत्र करने वाले को पर्यावरण के रोगाणुओं से सुरक्षा प्राप्त होती है.

These three types of disease causing pain giving organisms come under your grips again and again. But Homa provides continuous protection to regular performer of Agnihotras, by destroying these germs. (According to modern science germs are broadly classified in to 3 categories as shown here)

  1. Bacteria – meaning little rod shaped forms, from Latin word Bacillus meaning “little rod.lax7S
  2. Streptococcus- round shaped in bunches like grapes, from “cocas” meaning round Kernel.

 

lax8

 

 

 

 

 

2. Flagellate germs- that have whip like flagellae-tails, at one end to propel themselves.

 

lax9

तदग्ने चक्षु: प्रति धेहि रेभे शफारुजं येन पश्यसि यातुधानम् ।
अथर्ववयोतिषा दैव्येन सत्यं धूर्वन्तर्मचितं न्योष ।। RV10.87.12,AV8.3.21

Agnihotra with their divine powers destroys the obvious/ visibly perceptible and invisible enemies of honest simple life style, like even the polluted earth- in soil on which cows dig with their hoof.

भूमि में दृष्य और अदृष्य सभी रोगाणुओं को जिन्हे गोपशु इत्यादि अपने खुर से खोद देते हैं,उन्हें भी अग्निहोत्र नष्ट करता है

यदग्ने अद्य मिथुना शपातो यद्वाचस्तृष्टं जनयन्त रेभा: ।

मन्योर्मनसो शरव्या जायते या तया विध्य हृदये यातुधानान् ।। RV10.87.13,AV8.3.12

मंत्रोच्चार में जिन शत्रुओं को नष्ट करने के लिए कड़े शब्दों  का प्रयोग होता है अग्निहोत्र का प्रभाव उस के अनुसार ही होता है यज्ञाग्नि से निजी मानसिकता भी इष्टनुरूप बनती है

When the performers of Agnihotra are expressing their anger in chanting mantras against enemies of the community, their anger should impel you to destroy those harmful elements.

परा शृणीहि तपसा यातुधानान् पराग्ने रक्ष: हरसा शृणीहि ।

परार्चिषा मूरदेवाञ्छृणीहि परासुतृपो अभि शोशुचानो ।। RV10.87.14,AV8.3.13

यज्ञाग्नि से अमानवीय पीड़ादायक मानसिकता  का विनाश होता है. अवसाद दूर होता है, मानव तेजस्वी, तपस्वी , उत्साह पूर्ण बनता है.

Agnihotra kills those that take delight in causing self defeatist hedonistic attitudes as disease. Agnihotra performer gets the mind rid of depressive thoughts and blesses with a cheerful disposition.

वाणी की मधुरता

पराद्य देवा वृजिनं शृणन्तु प्रत्यगेनं शपथा यन्तु तृष्टा: ।
वाचास्तेनं शरव ऋच्छन्तु मर्मन् विश्वस्यैतु प्रसितिं यातुधान: ।। RV10.87.15, AV8.3.14

कटु तीक्ष्ण शब्दों  पर हिंसक प्रतिक्रिया जैसे घातक शत्रु  के स्थान पर सभ्य समाज में  उत्तम भाषा के प्रयोग से प्रतिद्वन्दी को  निरस्त्र करने की क्षमता उत्पन्न होती है .

(Agnihotra) Empower the noble well behaved persons to defeat the evil tendency to react to harsh speech by violence or harsher words.   Ability to disarm the wrong doers by well spoken words is developed in a civil society.

यो पौरुषेयेण क्रविषा समंक्ते यो अश्व्येन पशुना यातुधान: ।
यो अघ्न्याया भरति क्षीरमग्ने तेषां शीर्षाणि हरसापि वृश्च ।। RV10.87.16,AV8.3.15

पाशविक आचरण जो स्वार्थ वश अपने पशुओं पर अत्याचार करते हैं, घोड़ों को भरपेट भोजन नहीं देते ,समाज में  अमानवीय व्यवहार करते हैं , गौओं से  बलात ज़बरदस्ती दूध निकालते हैं , उन की मानसिकता धार्मिक वृत्ति से अग्निहोत्रादि करने से ठीक होती है.

Those who fill their belly by starving people, those who live by stealing horse feed, those who forcibly steal milk of cows, they should be eliminated by strong actions.( Regular performers of Agnihotra develop the temperaments of “Manyu” and there by destroy the enemies of society.)

संवत्सरीणं पय उस्रियायास्तस्य माशीद्यातुधानो नृचक्ष: ।
पीयूषमग्ने यतमस्तितृप्सात् तं प्रत्यञ्चमर्चिषा विध्य मर्मन् ।। RV10.87.17,AV8.3.17

जो अमानवीय ढंग  से गौ का दोहन साल भर  करते  हैं, जो नवजातबछड़े को पीयूष ( आरम्भ दूध भी स्वयं उपयोग करते हैं ,उन की इस प्रकार की प्रतिकूल भावनाओं का सात्विक यज्ञादि करने से निराकरण होता है.

Those who milk the cow throughout the year, themselves consume the colostrums meant for newborn calf year after year; their conduct undergoes change by following the agnihotra in life.

विषं गवां यातुधाना: पिबन्त्वा वृश्च्यन्तामदितये दुरेवा: ।
परैनान् देवो सविता ददातु परा भागमोषधीनां जयन्ताम् ।। RV10.87.18 AV8.3.16

इस प्रकार से प्राप्त किया गया दूध विष समान होता है. ऐसे दूध के सेवन से अनेक असाध्य रोग उत्पन्न हो जाते हैं . ऐसे लोग गौशाला में यज्ञादि कर के दूध मे ओषधि  तत्व को भी बढ़ा  पाएंगे. विष तुल्य दूध को सुधारना तथा   गोमूत्रादि का पान भी   करना  चाहिए .

Milk derived forcibly from cows is poisonous and leads to innumerable incurable diseases. Perform Agnihotra among cows in order that their milk is full of medicinal nutritive qualities.  Along with good milk, Cow urine should also be taken for drinking.

सनादग्ने मृणसि यातुधानान् न त्वा रक्षांसि पृतनासु जिग्यु: ।
अनु दह सहमूरान् क्रव्यादो मा ते हेत्या मुक्षत दैव्याया: ।। RV10.87.19 AV8.3.18

चिरकाल से  राक्षसी वृत्ति के रोगाणु प्रजाजन (मनुष्यों और पशुओं) को पीड़ा देकर उनका मांस खाते रहे हैं. अगिनि होत्र यज्ञादि के प्रकाश्मय वज्र से ही इन का विनाश होता है,

Agnihotra have always destroyed the disease carrying germs the enemies of men and animals disease carrying germs in the environments. Agnihotra should be performed in such a manner that it succeeds in completely destroying these infections.

(This has reference to the scale and size of Agnihotra performances to match the scale and size of the objectives.)

त्वं नो अग्ने अधरादुदक्तात् त्वं पश्चादुत रक्षा पुरस्तात् ।
प्रति ते ते अजरासस्तपिष्ठा अघशंसं शोशुचतो दहन्तु ।। RV10.87.20,AV8.3.19

अग्निहोत्र द्वारा ही सब ओर से रोगाणुओं को नष्ट कर के पूर्ण सुरक्षा प्राप्त होती है.

Agnihotra should be adequate to destroy all the infections on all sides from top to bottom and from front to our back.

पश्चात् पुरस्तादधरादुदक्तात् कवि: काव्येन परि पाहि राजन् ।
सखे सखायमजरो जरिम्णेऽग्ने मर्ताँ अमर्त्यस्त्वं न: ।।RV 10.87.21,AV8.3.20

यज्ञ देवता अमर्त्य  हैं वही हम मर्त्यों को  सदैव एक सखा के रूप में  वेद मंत्रों द्वारा स्वस्थ जरारहित शरीर और मानसिकता प्रदान करते हैं .

The immortal institution of Agnihotra provides protection from all sides. This institution that like a true friend with Veda Mantras of Agnihotra provides a lifelong is an everlasting immortal strategy for healthy body and mind for us mortals.

परि त्वाग्ने पुरं वयं विप्रं सहस्य धीमहि ।
धृषद्वर्णं दिवेदिवे हन्तारं भंगुरावताम् ।। RV10.87.22,AV8.3.22

अग्निहोत्र द्वारा चित्त वृत्तियों का निरोध होता है. प्रति दिन मंत्रोच्चारण के साथ अग्निहोत्र राक्षसी वृत्तोयों का नाश करके  मन को निर्मल बनाता है

Wise men perform Yajnas to obtain from Agnihotras all-round protection of their powerful blinding irradiance. Agnihotra are providers of bounties by always destroying our enemies the baser instincts.

विषेण भंगुरावत: प्रति ष्म रक्षसो दह ।
अग्ने तिग्मेन शोचिषा तपुरग्राभिर्ऋष्टिभि: ।। RV10.87.23,AV8.3.23

हमारी राक्षसीवृत्तियों को एक एक कर यज्ञाग्नि भस्म कर देती है वासनाएं जल जाती हैं. तीव्र ज्ञान की ज्योति सूर्य के समान सब अवगुण दाहक है.

Powerful, intense flames of Agnihotra turn to ashes all those indulging in demonical behavior by developing virtuous mentality…

प्रत्यग्ने मिथुना दह यातुधाना किमीदिना ।
सं त्वा शिशामि जागृहयदब्धं विप्र मन्मभि: ।। RV10.87.24,

पाशविक वृत्तियो के मिथुन- द्वंद्व  (जैसे काम –क्रोध, लोभ – मोह, मद – मत्सर ) हर समय अब क्या खाएं , औरों को पीड़ित कर के क्या हड़प  करें केवल यही विचार रहता है,  यज्ञाग्नि अ न्त:करण शुद्ध कर के इन वासनाओं से मुक्ति दिला कर अहिंसक बनाता है.

Duality of indecision –to be or not to be- is acting like an enemy of life. Create the wisdom in our temperaments (by Agnihotra and Vedic education) to have clear vision for leading a healthy life.

प्रत्यग्ने हरसा हर: शृणीहि विश्वत: प्रति ।
यातुधानस्य रक्षसो बलं वि रुज वीर्यम् ।। RV10.87.25, AV 13.2.22

आसुरी  भावनाएं  अति प्रबल होती हैं , इन पीड़ा देने वाली राक्षसी वृत्तियों से यज्ञाग्नि का तेज  विशेष रूप से भग्न करता है.

Agnihotra and Vedic wisdom empower to destroy the demonical enemies from our life (both in our minds the ill thoughts and disease organisms in the physical environments)

विषेणं भङ्गुरावत: प्रति स्म रक्षसो जहि।

अग्ने तिग्मेनशोचिषा तपुग्राभिरर्चभि: ॥ AV8.3.23

यज्ञाग्नि कुटिल व्यवहार करने वाले  राक्षसों को अपने व्यापक तेज और तप्ताग्री ज्वालाओं से उलट कर नष्ट कर देते हैं

Agnihotra overpowers and destroys by its powerful flames the enemy organisms that promote unhealthy life.

वि ज्योतिषा बृहता भात्यग्निराविर्विश्वानि कृणुते  महित्वा ।

प्रादेवीर्माया: सहते  दुरेवा: शिशीते शृङ्गे रक्षभ्यो विनिक्ष्वे ॥ AV 8.3.24

सब से महान ज्योति पुंज सूर्य भी अपनी तीक्ष्ण तिरछी किरणों के द्वारा  आसुरी दु:ख प्रद मय्यओं को दूर करता है .

The largest source of illumination SUN with its vast resource is also performing the actions to destroy diseases by its rays that come in slanting and straight manner. (This has a clear reference to UVB –Ultra Violet B in the slant morning and evening sun rays as source of Vitamin D and IR-Infra Red rays for solar pasteurization)

ये ते शृङ्गे अजरे जातवेद स्तिग्महेती भ्रह्मसंशिते ।

ताभ्यां दुर्हार्दमभिदासन्त  किमीदिनं प्रत्यञ्चमर्चिषा जतवेदो  वि निक्ष्व ॥ AV8.3.25

The two horns –the direct heat of flames and radiated energy never get old and lose their effectiveness to destroy our enemies. In fact they become more deeply penetrating & forceful by the mantras that are chanted simultaneously.

अग्नी रक्षांसि सेधति शुक्रशोचिरमर्त्य: ।

शुचि:  पावक ईड्य: ॥ AV8.3.26

White flames of the Agnihotra also make the entire environment clean and pure white.

 

 

Can a Muslim take Non-Muslim as a friend?

We are taught since childhood, that we should love and respect everyone. We should not hate anyone and should consider everyone as friends, without discriminating on grounds of religion, sex, or color.Even Muslims are first to claim, that they can co-exist with each and every community in this world peacefully. But, does their scripture (Qur’an) permit them to co-exist peacefully with people of other religions? Are they allowed to take Non-Muslims as a friend? To know these answers, we have to open Quran, and read what Allah has to say on the relevant topic.

In this article we will try to expose, what Islam teaches its believers about the relations with Non-Muslims. Fatwa below is taken from a Islamic site for which source is provided, which explains relation of Muslim with a Non-Muslim.

Question:-

We hope that you will be able to explain, with examples, what is meant by the phrase, “Taking kaafirs as close friends and protectors is haraam.”?

Answer:-

Praise be to Allaah.

Yes, examples will certainly explain and clarify what is meant, so we will move straight on to quoting some of the most important points that the scholars and leaders of da’wah have said about different ways of showing friendship towards kaafirs.

Accepting their kufr and doubting that it is kufr at all, or refraining from labelling them as kaafirs, or praising their religion. Allaah says about the kufr of the one who accepts them (interpretation of the meaning): “… but such as open their breasts to disbelief…” [al-Nahl 16:106]. Allaah says, making it obligatory to label the kaafirs as such (interpretation of the meaning): “… Whoever disbelieves in Taaghoot [false deities] and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break…” [al-Baqarah 2:256]. Allaah says about the munaafiqoon (hypocrites) who prefer the kuffaar to the Muslims (interpretation of the meaning) “… [they] say to the disbelievers that they are better guided as regards the way than the believers (Muslims).” [al-Nisa’ 4:51].

Referring to them for judgement. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “… they wish to got for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taaghoot (false judges, etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them…” [al-Nisa’ 4:60]

Befriending and liking them. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “You will not find any people who believe in Allaah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger…” [al-Mujaadilah 58:22]

[Here the lord of world’s says, that those who are Muslims, will not befriend those who are disbelievers. Allah prejudge them (Disbelievers) as hypocrites, and even Muslims today believe that they are better guided than Non-Muslims. For the last quoted verse al-Mujaadilah 58:22, Ibn Jalalalayan explains “You will not find a people who believe in God and the Last Day loving, befriending, those who oppose God and His Messenger, even though they, the opposers, were their fathers, that is to say, the believers’ [fathers], or their sons or their brothers or their clan, rather [you will find that] they intend to do them harm and they fight them over [the question of] faith, as occurred on one occasion with some Companions, may God be pleased with them. [For] those, the ones who are not loving of them, He has inscribed, He has established, faith upon their hearts and reinforced them with a spirit, a light, from Him, exalted be He, and He will admit them into gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide, God being pleased with them, for their obedience of Him, and they being pleased with Him, because of His reward. Those [they] are God’s confederates, following His command and refraining from what He has forbidden. Assuredly it is God’s confederates who are the successful, the winners.” This is enough to say that Allah forbids Muslims to befriend their fathers, brothers, and other member of clan if they are disbelievers.] [Source]

Inclining towards them, relying upon them and taking them as a support. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And incline not towards those who do wrong, lest the Fire should touch you…” [Hood 11:113]

[In above verse, the people who do wrong are those who disbelief, or are polytheist, and idolaters. If Muslims rely on them, and take support from them, then they too will go to hell fire. ]

Helping and supporting them against the Muslims. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “The believers, men and women, are awliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another…” [al-Tawbah 9:71]. He also says of the kuffaar that they are “ but awliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) to one another…” [al-Maa’idah 5:51]. And He says (interpretation of the meaning): “…And if any amongst you takes them as awliya’, then surely he is one of them.”[al-Maa’idah 5:51].

Becoming members of their societies, joining their parties, increasing their numbers, taking their nationalities (except in cases of necessity), serving in their armies or helping to develop their weapons.

Bringing their laws and rules to the Muslim countries. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Do they then seek the judgement of the Days of Ignorance?…” [al-Maa’idah 5:50]

[Allah wants Muslims not to support Non-Muslims, by helping them in Armies, Joining their parties and taking their Nationalities. It is evident from the number of Muslims in Indian army, they are only 1.5%- 2% Muslims in Indian Army in 14% Muslims in Total.]

Taking them as friends in general terms, taking them as helpers and supporters, and throwing in one’s lot with them. Allaah forbids all this, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): “O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as awliya’ (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but awliya’ to one another…” [al-Maa’idah 5:51].

[Allah forbids Muslims to take protectors or helpers among Jews and Christians, to explain it much better let;s see what Ibn Jalalayan says about the verse, “affiliating with them or showing them affection; they are patrons of each other, being united in disbelief. Whoever amongst you affiliates with them, he is one of them, counted with them.” ]

Compromising with them and being nice to them at the expense of one’s religion. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “They wish that you should compromise (in religion out of courtesy) with them, so that they (too) would compromise with you.” [al-Qalam 68:9]. This includes sitting with them and entering upon them at the time when they are making fun of the Signs of Allaah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And it has already been revealed to you in the Book that when you hear the Verses of Allaah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them), certainly in that case you would be like them…” [al-Nisa’ 4:140]

[Allah forbids Muslims in 4:140, to hear not anything against Allah, Muhammad and Qur’an. This is because, if they hear them( Disbelievers), they will become like them. Muslims run away from reasons and Logic, also questioning their faith makes them sad and frustrated. So they opt a very easy way out of it. By running away from all these.]

Trusting them and taking them as advisors and consultants instead of the believers. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “O you who believe! Take not as (your) bitaanah (advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends, etc.) those outside your religion (pagans, Jews, Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you. They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse. Indeed We have made clear to you the aayaat (proofs, evidence, verses), if you understand. Lo! You are the ones who love them but they love you not, and you believe in all the Scriptures [i.e., you believe in the Tawraat and the Injeel, while they disbelieve in your Book (the Qur’aan)]. And when they meet you, they say, ‘We believe.’ But when they are alone, they bite the tips of their fingers at you in rage. Say: ‘Perish in your rage. Certainly Allaah knows what is in the breasts (all the secrets).’ If a good befalls you, it grieves them, but some evil overtakes you, they rejoice at it…” [Aal ‘Imran 3:118-120].

Imaam Ahmad and Muslim reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went out to (the battle of) Badr, and a man from among the mushrikeen followed him and caught up with him at al-Harrah. He said, “I wanted to follow you and join you, and have some of the war-booty with you.” (The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) said: “Do you believe in Allaah and His Messenger?” He said, “No.” He said, “Go back, I do not need help from a mushrik.”

From these texts it is clear that we are forbidden to appoint kaafirs to positions whereby they could find out the secrets of the Muslims and plot against them by trying to do all kinds of harm.

Putting them in administrative positions where they are bosses of Muslims and can humiliate them, run their affairs and prevent them from practising their religion. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “… and never will Allaah grant to the disbelievers a way (to triumph) over the believers.” [al-Nisa’ 4:141]. Imaam Ahmad reported that Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “I said to ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him). ‘I have a Christian scribe.’ He said, ‘What is wrong with you, may Allaah strike you dead! Have you not heard the words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning), “O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as awliya’ (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but awliya’ to one another…” [al-Maa’idah 5:51]”? Why do you not employ a haneef [i.e., a Muslim]?’ I said, ‘O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, I benefit from his work and he keeps his religion to himself.’ He said, ‘I will never honour them when Allaah has humiliated them, and I will never bring them close to me when Allaah has expelled them from His mercy.’”

[This is a clear proof, that Muslims can’t be friend of Non-Muslim. This is further approved by Islamic apologists who want this world to be ruled with Sharia Law, see what law Islamic apologist propose to India. They say, “The Whole of India is in Fact [a] Muslim Land, the Authority Belongs to… [Muslims] and That They Should Take It From the Current Ruling Party to Implement the Shari’ah… Instead [of] Begging for Rights from the Hindus, the Muslims in India Must Govern By the Law of the Creator Allah”[Source]

Similarly, we should not employ them in Muslim homes where they can see our private matters and they bring our children up as kaafirs. This is what is happening nowadays when kaafirs are brought to Muslim countries as workers, drivers, servants and nannies in Muslim homes and families.

Neither should we send our children to kaafir schools, missionary institutions and evil colleges and universities, or make them live with kaafir families.

Imitating the kaafirs in dress, appearance, speech, etc., because this indicates love of the person or people imitated. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever imitates a people is one of them.”

It is forbidden to imitate the kaafirs in customs, habits and matters of outward appearance and conduct that are characteristic of them. This includes shaving the beard, letting the moustache grow long, and speaking their languages, except when necessary, as well as matters of clothing, food and drink, etc.

[ Allah forbids Muslims even to live in Infidel’s country, state or house. Muslims are also forbidden to send their children in Infidels school. Now I guess, why most of the Muslims are illiterate and uncivilized. Muslim world has much less universities and Schools in comparison to Non-Islamic world. So, Muslims prefer there children to be illiterate, rather that sending them to Non-Muslim schools and colleges.]

Staying in their countries when there is no need to do so. Allaah forbade the weak and oppressed Muslims to stay among the kaafirs if they are able to migrate. He says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): ‘In what (condition) were you?’ They reply, ‘We were weak and oppressed on earth.’ They (angels) say: ‘Was not the earth of Allaah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?’ Such men will find their abode in Hell –what an evil destination! Except the weak ones among men, women and children, who cannot devise a plan, nor are the able to direct their way.” [al-Nisa’ 4:97-98].

Nobody will be excused for staying in a kaafir country except for those who are truly weak and oppressed and cannot migrate, or those who stay among them for a valid religious purpose such as da’wah and spreading Islam in their countries.

It is forbidden to live among them when there is no need to do so. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I disown the one who stays among the mushrikeen.”

Travelling to their countries for vacations and leisure purposes. But going there for a legitimate reason – such as medical treatment, trade, and learning specialized skills that cannot be obtained in any other way – is permitted in cases of need, and when the need has been fulfilled, it is obligatory to return to the Muslim world.

This permission is also given under the condition that the would-be traveller has sufficient knowledge to dispel his doubts, to control his physical desires, to demonstrate his religion, to be proud of being Muslim, to keep away from evil places, and to be aware and cautious of the plots of his enemies. It is also permissible, and even obligatory, to travel to their lands for the sake of da’wah and spreading Islam.

Praising them and their civilization and culture, defending them, and admiring their behaviour and skills, without taking note of their false ideology and corrupt religion. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And strain not your eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment to various groups of them (disbelievers), the splendour of the life of this world that We may test them thereby. But the provision (good reward in the Hereafter) of your Lord is better and more lasting.” [Ta-Ha 20:131]. It is also forbidden to honour them, give them titles of respect, initiate greetings to them, give them the best seats in gatherings, and give way to them in the street. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not be the first to greet a Jew or a Christian (do not initiate the greeting), and if you meet one of them in the street, then push him to the narrowest part of the way.”

Forsaking the Islamic calendar and using their calendar, especially since it reflects their rituals and festivals, as is the case with the Gregorian (Western) calendar, which is connected to the supposed date of the birth of the Messiah (peace be upon him), which is an innovation that they have fabricated and that has nothing to do with the religion of ‘Eesa (Jesus). Using this calendar implies approval of their festivals and symbols.

In order to avoid all of that, when the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) established a calendar for the Muslims during the time of ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him), they ignored all the systems of the kuffaar and created a new calendar starting from the date of the Prophet’s Hijrah. This indicates that it is obligatory to differ from the kuffaar in this matter and others where it is the matter of distinct characteristics. And Allaah is the Source of Help.

Taking part in their holidays and festivals, helping them to celebrate them, congratulating them on these occasions or attending places where such celebrations are held. The phrase al-zoor [falsehood] in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning) “And those who do not witness falsehood…” [al-Furqaan 25:72] was interpreted as meaning the festivals of the kuffaar.

Using their names that have bad meanings. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) changed names whose meanings involved shirk, such as ‘Abd al-‘Uzza and ‘Abd al-Ka’bah.

Seeking forgiveness for them and asking Allaah for mercy for them. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allaah’s forgiveness for the mushrikeen, even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in s state of disbelief).” [al-Tawbah 9:113]

These examples should give a clear picture of what is meant by the prohibition of forming close friendships with the kaafirs. We ask Allaah to keep our belief sound and our faith strong. And Allaah is the Source of Help.

Conclusion:-

After going through the details provided by Islamic apologists and Islamic scriptures do I need to write any thing else? We come to know that Allah has forbidden Muslims to be friend of Non-Muslims. They are also forbidden to imitate us in anything, and sending their children to our school. Muslims can’t live in Non-Islamic country, and if they live, they need to demand Sharia Law in that country. Muslims can’t praise Non-Muslims, their culture, and their skill. Muslims should not celebrate Non-Muslim’s festivals and should not seek forgiveness from us. Muslims are only allowed to travel in Non-Islamic country, when they are going to spread Islam over there, and will then return to Muslim world. If any Muslim does not do all the above stated thing, then Allah and his prophet is going to disown them.

To me the conclusion if full of hatred for us, and no other religion ever commands its believers to do all these, which Allah wants from his believers.

Gross Happiness Entrepreneurship in Veda

veda and science

Author – Subodh Kumar 

RV1.3 Gross Happiness Entrepreneurship

ऋषि:-  मधुच्छन्दा वैश्वामित्र:, देवता:- 1-3 अश्विनौ, 4-3 इन्द्र:ू; 7-9 विश्वेदेवा:; 10-12 सरस्वती छंद-  गायत्री 

शिल्प ज्ञान उन्नति का आधार

Life sustainability by technology

अश्विना यज्वरीरिषो द्रवत्पाणी शुभस्पती  पुरुभुजा चनस्यतम् ।। RV 1.3.1 (Dayanand Bhashyaadharit)

On universal scale – (द्रवत्पाणी) seek fast material growth of (पुरुभुजा) food and means that provide health (शुभस्पती) for welfare of all by (अश्विना) employing the twins of Solar energy resources and Water resources (यज्वरी:)with application technological skills (इषा:) providing objects of desire such as food & facilities (चनस्यपतम्‌) for getting selectedand liked by all.

समष्टि रूप में– (द्रवत्पाणी) शीघ्रता से समृद्धि  पाने के लिए (पुरुभुजा) सब के बल और स्वास्थ्य के लिए(इषा:) अन्नादि ऐच्छिक पदार्थों  (चनस्यपतम्‌) की  सात्विक प्राप्ति के लिए (अश्विना) प्राकृतिक  उपलब्द्ध अग्नि सौर ऊर्जा और जल तत्व के प्रयोग से  (यज्वरी:) भौतिक यज्ञादि कुशल कर्मों में प्रवृत्त होवें .

व्यष्टि रूप में – On another level प्राणापान को अश्विना शब्द से स्मरण किया जाता है. कि ये ‘ न श्व:’ यह निश्चित नहीं कि ये कल  भी रहेंगे ,और यह सदैव क्रिया करते रहते हैं .  इन्हीं के कारण यह मानव शरीर चल रहा है, भूख लग रही है और सब इच्छाएं प्रकट हो रही हैं . (यज्वरी:) यज्ञशील बनने के लिए (इषा:) अन्नदि इच्छित पदार्थ  (चनस्यपतम्‌) सात्विकता का जीवन में चयन आवश्यक है. प्राणायाम द्वारा तामसिक वृत्तियों आलस्य काम क्रोध इत्यादि के परित्याग से सात्विक वृत्तियों अहिंसा कर्मठता आत्मविश्वास यज्ञशील जीवन से ही प्रगति और सुख समृद्धि प्राप्त होती है.

प्रोद्योगकि शिक्षा

Technical Education  

1.    अश्विना पुरुदंससा नरा शवीरया धिया । धिष्ण्या वनतं गिर: ।। RV 1.3.2

(अश्विना)To employ energy and material resources   (पुरुदंससा) for technologies that provides many solutions (नरा शवीरया) for speedy  implementation  (धिया) bring to knowledge । (धिष्ण्या) by fast communication methods (वनतं) to users ( गिर: ) by lecturing education.

(सौर) ऊर्जा और पदार्थ (जलादि) संसाधनों के वैज्ञानिक प्रयोग से शीघ्र  उत्तम उपब्धियों के लिए उत्तमगुरु जन उपदेश द्वारा शिक्षा प्राप्त कराएं

विषमता नाशक ज्ञान

Knowledge to remove hardship

3.दस्रा युवाकव: सुता नासत्या वृक्तबर्हिष: । आ यातं रुद्रवर्तनी ।। RV1.3.3

(दस्रा: ) that which  removes hardship  (युवाकव: ) multidiscipline ( सुता) born out of ( नासत्या ) that which is flawless (वृक्तबर्हिष: ) expert consultants- can also be pathogen destroying herbal covers   । (आ यातं) bring in common use (रुद्रवर्तनी) That does not allow any harm to come.

कठिनाइयों विषमता का नाश ही औद्योगिक शिल्प  ज्ञान की उपब्धि है.

शिल्प ज्ञान  की उपलब्धियां

Gifts of Entrepreneurship

4.इन्द्रा याहि चित्रभानो सुता इमे त्वायव: । अण्वीभिस्तना पूतास: ।। RV1.3.4

(इन्द्रा याहि)The entrepreneurs by (अण्वीभिस्तना पूतास 🙂 utilizing their knowledge and paying attention to the minutest inputs (सुता) create

(इमे त्वायव :)by their efforts (चित्रभानो) amazingly useful results.

सूक्ष्म से सूक्ष्म विषय पर ध्यान दे कर अपने ज्ञान के सदुपयोग से शिल्प द्वारा आश्चर्यजनक  उपलब्धियां सम्भव होती हैं.

चमत्कारी आविष्कार 

Creation of innovative products

5. इन्द्रा याहि धियेषितो विप्रजूत: सुतावत: । उप ब्रह्माणि वाघत: ।। RV1.3.5

(इन्द्रा याहि) The entrepreneurs (धियेषितो विप्रजूत: उप ब्रह्माणि) by intelligent knowledge application (सुतावत: वाघत) create very useful products.

सफल शिल्पी अत्यंत सफल आविष्कारक  होते हैं

नवीन आविष्कार

New Technological products  

6. इन्द्रा याहि तूतुजान उपब्रह्माणि हरिव: । सुते दधिष्व नश्चन: ।। RV1.3.6

(इन्द्रा याहि) The entrepreneurs (सुते दधिष्व नश्चन:) create useful food etc. every day use products ( तूतुजान उपब्रह्माणि हरिव: ) by excellent knowledge base highly productive methods.

प्रोद्योगिकि शिक्षा का लक्ष्य

Objects of Technical  Education  

7. ओमासश्चर्षणीधृतो विश्वे देवास  गत  दाश्वांसो दाशुष: सुतम् ।। RV1.3.7

Our education should inculcate in our progeny the fearless temperament respecting laws of Nature to provide full protection on physical and mental level to us by good health and virtuous thoughts  for the sustainability of individual and society.  

हमारी संतान की बुद्धि  में सत्य शिक्षा के उपदेशों द्वारा वे सब देवताओं के गुण स्थापित होने चाहिएं  जिस से शरीर और मन की मलिनता  दूर हो कर निर्भय, विद्वत और दानवान आचरण स्थापित हो.

शिक्षकों का दायित्व Role of Teachers

8.विश्वे देवासो अप्तुर: सुतमा गन्त तूर्णय:  उस्रा इव स्वसराणि ।। RV1.3.8

(सुतम्‌) To provide enlightenment (विश्वे देवास🙂 all the world’s teachers (आगंत)should visit daily (अप्तुर: तूर्णय:) for speedy teaching  (उस्रा इव) like sun’s rays (स्वसराणि) that  bring day light.

जिस प्रकार सूर्य प्रकाश से अंधकार को दूर करता है , उसी प्रकार सब गुरुजनों को शीघ्र ज्ञान के प्रकाश का दान को देने के लिए  आना चाहिए |

शिक्षा का  परिणाम Results of Education

9.विश्वे देवासो अस्रिध एहिमायासो अद्रुह:  मेधं जुषन्त वह्नय: ।। RV1.3.9

(अस्रिध:) Confident of their knowledge (एहिमायास:) knowledge based action oriented community (विश्वे देवास🙂 all knowledgeable persons (मेधम्‌) by implementing your knowledge based skills  (अद्रुह:) without causing destruction (to environment and society) (वह्नय:) bring welfare to all.

अपनी कर्म प्रधान शिल्प शिक्षा में दृढ़ आत्मविश्वास द्वारा सब ज्ञानवान वीर जनों बिना पर्यावरण और समाज  को क्षति पहुंचाए ,अपने शिल्प के ज्ञान से  संसार में सुख साधन उत्पन्न करो.

 उत्तम ज्ञानाधारित वाणि का महत्व  

Good articulate communication

10.पावका न: सरस्वती वाजेभिर्वाजिनिवती । यज्ञं वष्टु धियावसु: ।।RV 1.3.10

(सरस्वती)Knowledge enabled articulation is (Here importance of keeping one’s knowledge up to date should also be seen.)   (न:) for us ( पावका वाजेभिर्वाजिनिवती) provider of unsullied meritorious virtuous means of habitat  and strength.(धियावसु: )Provide the society thus with excellent (ecologically sustainable) habitat (यज्ञं वष्टु) by implementation of smart projects.

उत्तम ज्ञान आधारित वाणि, पवित्र योजनाओं को कार्यान्वित करने की क्षमता प्रदान करती है. ( यहां अपने ज्ञान को इस स्वाध्याय द्वारा उन्नत करने का भी महत्व देखा जाता है )  इस प्रकार समाज के कल्याण के  सुख साधन पर्यावरण को दूषित किए बिना उपलब्ध करो.

मिथ्याचरण का त्याग Take Ethical Stand

11.चोदयित्री सूनृतानां चेतन्ती सुमतीनाम् | यज्ञं दधे सरस्वती ।। RV1.3.11

(चोदयित्री चेतन्ती सरस्वती) Have the ability to perceive, stand up and speak the truth (सूनृतानां सुमतीनाम्) by rejecting wrong ideas and following wise path (यज्ञं दधे)in implementation of the projects.

मिथ्याचरण का त्याग और सुमति को व्यक्त करने की अपनी  वाणि मे क्षमता द्वारा पथ भ्रष्ट योजनाओं के स्थान पर कल्याण कारी  योजनाएं कार्यान्वित करो .

उत्तम वाणि शासन का मूलमंत्र

Secret of success- Excellent Articulation

12.महो अर्ण: सरस्वती प्र चेतयति केतुना  यो विश्वा वि राजति ।। RV1.3.12

(महो अर्ण: सरस्वती प्र चेतयति केतुना ) One who has at his command the ocean of knowledge reflected in his speech, ( यो विश्वा वि राजति) he rules the world.

जिस की (सरस्वती) वाणि (केतुना) शुभ कर्म , श्रेष्ठ बुद्धि से (मह:) अगाध (अर्ण:)  शब्दरूपी समुद्र को (प्रचेतसी) जानने वाली है, ( यो विश्वा वि राजति) वही शासनाध्यक्ष होता है. 

आनन्द स्त्रोत बह रहा – प्रकाश्चन्द”कविरत्न”

saint_light

आनन्द  स्रोत  बह   रहा   पर  तू   उदास   है ।

अचरज यह जल में रह के भी मछली को प्यास है ॥

फ़ूलों   में   ज्यों  सुवास , ईख  में  मिठास  है ,

भगवान का त्यों विश्व के कण  – कण में वास है ॥ आनन्द………

 

टुक  ज्ञान   चक्षु  खोल  के तू, देख  तो  सही  ,

जिसको  तू   ढूंडता   है  सदा  तेरे   पास   है ॥ आनन्द ……….

कुछ  तो समय निकाल  आत्म शुद्धि  के  लिए  ,

नर  जन्म  का उद्देश्य  ना केवल  विलास  है   ॥ आनन्द …….

 

आनन्द मोक्ष का न पा सकेगा जब तलक ,

तू जब तलक “प्रकाश” इन्द्रियों का दास है ॥

l MEET DAYANAND

swamiji in sabha

l MEET DAYANAND

WRITER – SWAMI SHRADDHANAND

l was born a new when l first saw Swami Dayanand  Saraswati. I found some faith arose in me. His luster and brilliance amazed me and arrested attention. They overwhelmed me when I saw Rev. T. J.Scott and other Europeans sitting there with great interest. Swamiji had spoken scarcely for 10 minutes when I began to think. “It is surprising to see a Sanskrit pandit speaking so much of sense that astonishes even an educated man.” The subject was ‘OM’. The memories of that day are ever green in my heart. it was the effect of the Rishi’s influence that made even an atheist like me feel the pleasure in my soul‘s happiness.

Rishi’s Durbar: – It was announced that the following day’s lecture would be held in the Town Hall. Swamiji said in a clear tone that he would be ready at the appointed time it a conveyance would be made available to him.

My father was all attentive as long as the lectures were on conventional subjects like Namaste, Pope, jainee. Keerani, Korani (Salutation. jainism, Christianity. Mohamadanism). When he began to speak In strong terms against idolatry and the Avataras my interest increased and my father’s interest waned. He discontinued attending Swamiji’s lectures and in his place deputed a policeman to do bandobast duty. It had become a daily duty with me till the 24th August to go to Begum Park every evening after food. From two to three in the evening there was the Rishi’s Durbar and mine was invariably the first Namaskar to be offered to him. Questions and answers followed, and I used to enjoy them. After the assembly had dispersed the Acharya would leave the Park. I would at once go straight to the Town Hall in my wagonette. Till after Swami Dayanand had disappeared from my sight I would not return home. I was so immersed in his figure in happiness.

Discussion: with Scott.—Then discussions took place on the 26th, 27th and 29th August with the Rev. T. I. Scott on Rebirth. Incarnation and Forgiveness for sins without reaping their result. The first two days’ discussions were in writing. On the third day I had pneumonia and was prevented from attending. Afterwards l could not see Swamiji. l was so impressed with one of his acts that it still passes before my eyesight.

Spying the Swamji’s Activities.—l found Swamiji leaving always his abode after answering the calls of nature with a Langoti at about three in the morning and returning only after sun-rise. I was anxious to find out his activities and was determined to follow him at once. An editor of a newspaper also accompanied me in my attempt. Punctually at three in the morning the Acharya left his abode and we followed him from behind. After having slowly waited a quarter of a mile he began to walk so swiftly that even a swift-paced young man like myself found it difficult to follow him. Near a junction of three roads we missed him. So our first attempt was unsuccessful. On the next night we were awake from 2-30. We wanted to run away at the sight of that Rudramurti (fire-figure). He was walking swiftly and we were running behind him. The Bania editor was gasping and running after me. After covering a distance of half a mile that Rudramurti halted at a wide open place and walked slowly towards a piple tree. On reaching it he sat underneath for an hour and a half in Samadhi. I was not able to see whether he was doing Pranayam or not. But as soon as he sat down it was Samadhi. After rising he shook his body twice and then made his way to the temporary Ashram.

An Incident.—At a Saturday’s meeting it was announced that the following day’s lecture would begin an hour earlier. The Acharya made it perfectly clear that if the conveyance was to be sent to him an hour earlier he would reach the place of lecture in time. On Sunday afternoon people began to gather two hours earlier. The hall was full but the Acharya was not to be seen. Half an hour had passed after the appointed time and still the noise of the carriage was not to be heard. After three quarters of an hour the majestic figure of Dayanand was seen. Before prayer he said. “I was ready at the time but the conveyance did not come. Waiting for long. l started walking. Gentlemen it is not my fault. it is the fault of the children’s children not keeping to their promises.” Perhaps this referred to his host.

Swami Dayanandji was then staying as the guest of Seth Lakshmi Narayan. He was-the Treasurer to the Government and was then considered at Bareilly to be a millionaire.

Denunciation —Swamiji was condemning all the absurdities and the impossibilities of the Puranas. Among those present there were the Rev. T. J. Scott, Edward the Commissioner. Reid the Collector, about fifty other Europeans and many others. His speech on the Panch Pandava’s marriage. Draupadi’s polyandry. Tara and Mandodnri touched the Dharmic element in the audience to the quick. They were never tired, as the lecturer was rich in wit and humor. The Europeans who attended were reveling in joy and merriment.

The Acharya said: “So much for Purana leela. New let us go to the Kirani Ieela- Christian leela. By saying how the Virgin’s conception took place. they are polluting the spotless eternal Paramatman, With such sins they are not ashamed themselves. The face of the collector and the commissioner turned at once red and the Acharya continued examining Christianity with the same vigour till the end.

The following day the Commissioner sent for “Mr.  Lakshminarayan and said, “Make the Swami understand that he should not so play with fire. We Christians are civilised and do not get infuriated at the heat of discussion. But if orthodox Hindus and Muslims get heated your Swami’s lecture shall be stopped.” Having promised to convey this message to Swamiji the Treasurer returned. But he wanted this to be conveyed to Swamiji by someone else, himself not being bold enough to do that.

The Avatar-When l found none stood up. I volunteered and informed Swamiji that the cashier was anxious to speak to Swamiji something about a matter for which the Commissioner had sent for him. Poor man the cashier was helpless. He was either scratching his head or hanging down his head. After five minutes of surprise. Swamiji said, “You are not accustomed to do work at the appointed time. You do not realize the value of time. My time is precious. Speak out your mind.” Then the cashier, in stammering tones. said with great difficulty, “Maharajah, what if you are not so violent in your language? It is no good displeasing the Englishmen. it is better—” so on and so forth. Swamiji at once Joined him, “Why are you so nervous? You have wasted even this time. Perhaps the Saheb would have given you to understand that I am harsh and my lectures would be stopped. Either may happen. Why bother? l am not a man-eater to kill you. Why not you tell me plainly what he said ? Why did you waste so much time?'” At this a faithful Pauranic Hindu onlooker said, “Look at the Avatar! He reads others‘minds.”

Dayanandij’s Answer-—how can that day’s lecture be forgotten? I have heard the best of speeches. but the one which fell from Acharya‘s mouth in simple words so thrilled the audience that I can find no equal to it. That day’s lecture was on Atma Swaroopa, and all Europeans of the place except Rev. T.J. Scott were present. Having prefaced his day’s discourse on the might of truth. Swamiji proceeded; “People ask us not to speak the truth less the Collector would get angry, the Commissioner would get displeased and the Governor’s wrath would descend upon us. Even kings and rulers may get displeased. Why should we desist from truth? ‘Then he explained the unique feature of an Alma alter quoting a sloka which means this: “Weapons cannot pierce him, fires cannot burn him, waters cannot drench him and winds cannot move him.

“Then he continued in a roaring voice. “Body is ephemeral and it is waste to do Adharma in protecting it. Whoever wishes to do contrary to this puts an end to his soul.” Casting a glance all around Swamiji exclaimed in a stentorian voice, “Show me the hero who can destroy my soul. So long as you are not able to get one such hero in this world I am not even inclined to think whether l can dodge truth.”The whole audience was calmed into silence and the falling of at pin could be heard then.

Dayanandji meets Mr Scott.-—After the lecture, Rishi Dayanand enquired about the Rev. T. J. Scott and said. “Sincere Scott is not to be seen today”. The missionary was so regular in attendance and was so kind towards Swamiji that he liked him. Someone informed the Rishi that there was a lecture of the reverend gentleman in a chapel close by. On getting down the steps. The Rishi said. “Proceed. let us see the sincere Scott‘s church.” Followed by three to four hundred men. Swamiji went towards the church. The lecture was just then over and the congregation had not even dispersed, The Rev. Mr. Scott seeing Swamiji received him at the gate. Took him to the pulpit and requested him to speak. Swamiji spoke in harsh terms about human worship for about twenty minutes.

 

The Cashier Redeemed.—-Now about Swamiji‘s other activities. Having known that the cashier had connections with an ill-famed woman. Swamiji asked him his caste. The cashier replied. “What am I to tell you. Who judges one‘s caste from his character, conduct and disposition?”  Swamiji said that as there was Varna, he could tell his caste by birth. He said he was a Kathri, Then the Swamiji asked as in what caste a son of a Kathri by a public woman would belong to. The cashier hung down his head in shame. Swamiji said, “I am not criticising any particular individual. I am speaking the truth”. Afterwards the cashier separated from her and sent her away. One small incident and I shall close this.

Discussion on God‘s Existence. — Apart from his being a great Vedic scholar. Rishi Dayanand was an erudite logician. As I was it confirmed atheist l spoke to Rishi Dayanand against the necessity of God’s existence. Within five minutes’ talk I was silenced. Then I said “Swamiji, your logic is irresistible and, you have no doubt silenced me but you have not shown me the necessity for the existence of God.”My second attempt to question him shared the same fate. After great Preparation I again approached him a third time. Even then my arguments were completely shattered. Then l said. “You are famous for your analytical powers and you have silenced me but you have not shown me the necessity for the existence of‘God.” Laughing at this the Rishi said. “Your questions and my answers are pure and simple mental feats. When can l promise to give you faith in the existence of God? You will have faith when the Almighty is pleased to make you faithful”. I remember his having quoted this: “Not by speech, not byknowledge, not by hearing can He be seen. He manifests to those to whom He is pleased to manifest Himself.”

 

मूर्तिपूजा-अवैदिक

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ओउम्

प्राक्कथन

यद्यपि प्रस्तुत पुस्तक छोटी है परन्तु लेखक ने इस विषय वस्तु से सम्बंधित अनुच्छेदों के संकलन में संभवतः सभी यूरोपीय आधिकारिक सूत्रों से विचार-विमर्श किया है और आशा है कि ध्यान आकर्षण करने वाले ये सभी अनुच्छेद पाठकगणों के विश्वास प्राप्त करेंगे।

प्रसिद्धआर्य समाज विद्वानों द्वारा पुनरावलोकन

(१) इस छोटी पुस्तिका में स्वामी मंगलानंद पूरी ने यूरोपीय और भारतीय संस्कृत विद्वानों और कुछ इतिहासकारों के भी विचारों का संकलन करके यह सिद्ध किया है कि मूर्तिपूजा वेद सम्मत नहीं है। जिन लोगों की ऐसी धारणा है कि मूर्तिपूजा वेद सम्मत है उनके लिए ये पुस्तिका विशेष लाभकारी है। वैदिक विचारधारा से अनभिज्ञ जनसामान्य में ये पुस्तिका निशुल्क वितरित की जानी चाहिए।

घासीदास, एम.ए. एल.एल.बी.

अधिष्ठातागुरुकुल ब्रिन्दाबन एवं अध्यक्ष आर्य प्रतिनिधि सभा उ.प्र.(मेरठ)

(२) स्वामी मंगलानंद पूरी द्वारा मूर्तिपूजा-अवैदिक पुस्तिका: लेखक ने शब्दों के  पक्के और विश्व के प्रसिद्ध यूरोपीय और एशियाई सूत्रों के अच्छे-खासे लेखोंका संकलन करके यह स्थापित किया है कि वेदों में मूर्तिपूजा का कोई समर्थन नहीं है और सफलतापूर्वक यह सिद्ध किया है कि मूर्तिपूजा का मूल इसाई मत में है ।

यह पुस्तिका निर्देशात्मक और रुचिपूर्ण है साथ ही दिए गए उद्धरण प्रेरणादायक और लाभकारी हैं। कम मूल्य में पुस्तिका उपलब्ध करा कर लेखक ने निश्चय ही असाधारण काम किया है।

बाबूश्याम सुन्दरलाल बी.ए. एल.एल.बी.

अधिवक्ता, अध्यक्ष आर्य समाज मैनपुरी

(३) लेखक धन्यवाद के अधिकारी हैं जिन्होंने इतनी अच्छी पुस्तिका बनाई जो सभाओं और समाजों द्वारा महाविद्यालयऔर विद्यालय के उच्च कक्षाओं के छात्रों को वितरित की जानी चाहिए। शुल्क यद्यपि कम है पर महत्व की दृष्टी से यह पुस्तिका अनमोल है और महाविद्यालय के नवजवान छात्रों की अध्यात्मिक उन्नति केलिए विशेष रूप से लाभदायक है जिससे उन्हें परमात्मा के निराकार स्वरुप की उपासना की शिक्षा मिलेगी ।

श्रीमान राव (मास्टर) आत्मा राम जी अमृतसरी

आर्य समाज के श्रेष्ठ नेताओ में से एक

 

                                                                                                                                    ओउम्

मूर्तिपूजा-अवैदिक

यूरोपीय व्याख्यानों में

आज के समय में एक हिन्दू सामान्यतःमूर्तिपूजक होता है परन्तु आर्य समाज के संस्थापक महर्षि दयानंद सरस्वती ने पूरेविश्व को बताया कि ना तो पुरातन कालीन हिन्दू (आर्य) मूर्तिपूजक थे ना ही वेदादि सत्यशास्त्रों और आर्ष ग्रंथों में मूर्तिपूजा का लेशमात्र भी संकेत  हैं।

स्वामी जी की सत्यता इसी से प्रमाणित होती है कि अन्य पक्षपात रहित वेद विद्वान भी इसी निर्णय पर पहुंचे और मूर्तिपूजाका पुरजोर विरोध किया।अतः हम यहाँ यूरोपीय एवं अन्य संस्कृत विद्वानों को उद्धृत कर रहें हैं। हम पाठक को अपने विवेक के सहारे निर्णय पर पहुचने की स्वच्छंदता प्रदान करते हुए अनुरोध करेंगे कि यहाँ संकलित सभी मतों को यथोचित महत्व प्रदान करते हुए इनका लाभ एवं मार्गदर्शन लें  |

प्रथम अध्याय

यूरोपीय जन मूर्ति पूजा विषय पर

(१)  सरमोंलर विलियम्स (sir Monler Williams) लिखतें हैं :- “मनु स्मृति* के संकलन काल में मूर्तिपूजा के अस्तित्व के विषय में घोर संशय है”( इंडियन विजडम पृष्ट २२६)

(२)  जे.आई. वीलर(J.I. Wheeler) कहतें हैं :- “ऐसा प्रतीत होत्ता है जैसे कोई मंदिर नहीं थे और वे(आर्य या पुरातन कालीन हिन्दू)खुले वातावरण में या हर मकान के एक विशेष गृह में हवन किया करते थे” (वीलर्स हिस्ट्री ऑफ़ इंडिया इंट्रोडक्शन पृष्ट ११)

(३)  प्रोफेसर डब्लू.डी. ब्राउन कहतें हैं :- “विचारवान छात्रों के लिए कई प्रबल प्रमाण यह सिद्ध करतें हैं कि पूर्व में हिन्दू मूर्तिपूजक ना थे और ना ही अशिक्षित, निर्दयी और असभ्य थे”

(४)  श्रीमान मिल कहतें हैं :- “मूर्तिपूजापूर्ण रूप से आगे विकसित हुई है। श्रेष्ठ निराकार मान्यताओं से समक्रमण ना स्थापित कर पाने वाली बुद्धि की यह उपज है। पतन अपनी व्याख्या स्वयं करता है। कपट ढोंग आदि मतान्धता और एकेश्वरवाद के पतन के प्रमुख कारण हुए। यह ढोंग स्वतंत्र देवीदेवताओं की विविधता नहीं थी वरन विशेष आयोजनों के मुख्य देव और आहावन था।“ (मिल्स ब्रिटिश इंडिया पृष्ट ११७ मई१९१८को वैदिक पत्रिका में प्रकाशित)

(५)  मक्स्मुलर लिखते हैं :- “कभी कभी यह भी कहा जाता है की वैदिक धर्म का लोप हो चुका है क्यूंकि तांत्रिकों एवं पुराणिकों द्वारा प्रतिपादित ब्राह्मणिक धर्मशिव, ब्रह्मा और विष्णु के विभिन्न रूपों के डरावने मूर्तियों की पूजा करते हैं” | (ओरिजिन एंड ग्रोथ ऑफ़ रिलीजन्स पृष्ट १५४)

(६)  मक्स्मुलर आगे लिखते हैं :- “यदि हम वसिष्ठ या विश्वामित्र या अन्य किसी आर्य कवि से पूछ पातेकि क्या वे सूर्य, जो आग का गोला है,वह हाथ पैर ह्रदय स्नायु आदि युक्त देहधारी है? तो निसंदेह वे हमारे प्रश्न पर ठहाके लगाते हुए कहते की हमने उनकी भाषाएँ जान कर भी उनके मंतव्यों को नहीं जाना।“(ओरिजिन एंड ग्रोथ ऑफ़ रिलीजन्स पृष्ट २७५)

(दूसरा अध्याय जो मक्स्मुलर के विचारों पर था वह अनुवादक को प्रयास करने पर भी प्राप्त नहीं हुआ अतः अनुवादक ने उनके कुछ प्राप्त अंशों को प्रथम अध्याय में ही जोड़ दिया है।)

द्वितीय अध्याय

मूर्तिपूजा पर आर.सि. दत्त

प्रसिद्ध भारतीय विद्वान रोमेशचन्द्रदत्त जो किसी भी रूप से आर्य समाजी भी नहीं हैं लखते हैं:

(१)ऋग्वेद में मूर्ति का कोई संकेत ही नहीं हैं, ना ही किसी पूजागृह और ना ही मंदिरों में।

(सिविलाइज़ेशन ऑफ़ अन्सिएंट इंडिया कितब१ पृष्ट ६६)

(२)और रेखागणित के व्यावहारिक ज्ञान की शिक्षा का महत्व उस समय ख़तम हो गया जब पुराणिक काल में चित्र आदि जड़ पूजा प्रचलित हुई और भक्तों के घर से समिधाग्नि शांत हो गयी और लोगों ने वेदी बनाने की विद्या भुला दी।

(सिविलाइज़ेशन ऑफ़ अन्सिएंट इंडिया किताब १ पृष्ट २६९ २७४)

(३) आगे वह लिखतें हैं :

“… और कोई मूर्तिपूजा का ज्ञान ना था”

(क)बौद्ध मत में मूर्तिपूजा इसाई कालके सदियों बाद आई इसलिए मूर्तिपूजा बौद्धों द्वारा शुरू हुई ऐसी शंका करना असंभव तो नहीं हैं।

(ख)ऐसा अनुमान है मनु स्मृति के संकलन काल में बौद्धों द्वारा पूजा का प्रचालन बढ़नेपर पुर्वग्रहियों द्वारा विरोध हुआ।

(ग)मूर्तियों की पूजा का विधान हिन्दुवों में बौद्ध आन्दोलन तक ना था और बौद्ध मत के प्रचार के साथ यह विकसित हुई।

(घ)मनु …क्रोधपूर्वक मूर्तिपूजकों को शराब और मांस बेचने वालो की श्रेणी में रखते हैं।

(सिविलाइज़ेशन ऑफ़ अन्सिएँट इंडिया कितब२ पृष्ट १८९-१९५ )

(४)पुरातन काल में अग्न्याधानकी एक छोटी सि विधि सभी गृहस्तों के जीवन का एक महत्वपूर्ण अंग था, जब हर किसी द्वारा अपने हवनकुंड में ही ईश्वारुपसना की जाती थी और मंदिरों-मूर्तियों से सभी अनभिज्ञ थे।

(हिज सिविलाइज़ेशन किताब १ पृष्ट१८४)

(५)तीर्थों के विषय में आर.सि.दत्त लिखते हैं :

तीर्थभ्रमण, जो पुरातन काल में नगण्य या अनजाने थे, का मूर्खतापूर्ण तरीके से आयोजन होने लगा। नये-नये भगवान, नयी-नयी मूर्तियाँ-चित्र एवं मंदिरों भारत की भूमि एवं भोले-भालेश्रद्धालुओंके ह्रदय में जन्म लिया।“

(सिविलाइज़ेशनकिताब २ पृष्ट१९५)

(६)आगे श्री दत्त लिखते हैं :

“६२० ईस्वी में चीनीयात्री होव्न सॉंग के आगमन काल में जगन्नाथपुरी के विशाल मंदिर का लेश भीना था।“

(सिविलाइज़ेशन किताब २ पृष्ट १५१)

 

तृतीय अध्याय 

मूर्तिपूजा पर एल्फिन्स्तों

(१) श्री एम.एल्फिन्स्तों लिखतें हैं :

“दृश्यपदार्थ और चित्रों की पूजा का कोई विधान नहीं दिखाई पड़ता”

(एल्फिन्स्तों हिस्ट्री ऑफ़ इंडिया पृष्ट ४०)

(२)आगे श्री एल्फिन्स्तों लिखते हैं :

“…. औरसाथ ही, उन्होंने ना तो मंदिर ही खड़े किये ना ही सच्चेईश्वर के प्रतिक की पूजा करते थे”

(एल्फिन्स्तों हिस्ट्री ऑफ़ इंडिया पृष्ट ९३-९४)

(३)आगे जोड़ते हुए लिखतें हैं :

“श्रीमान कॉलेब्रोक स्वयं को पांच  प्रकार के पवित्र कर्मों(पञ्चमहायज्ञ) तक ही सिमित रखतें हैं जो मनु के काल से चली आ रही हैं परन्तु वर्तमान समय में एक विशेष प्रकार की पूजा का विधान है जो पहले भारतीय समाज में ना था, परन्तु अब ये विधान एक प्रधान कर्म हो चला हैं।

ये विधान हैं मूर्तियों की पूजा का, जिनके सामने अनेक प्रकार के नमन और स्तुतियों का रोज़ का विधान हैं।”

(एल्फिन्स्तों हिस्ट्री ऑफ़ इंडिया पृष्ट ११०)

 

 

चतुर्थ अध्याय 

मूर्तिपूजा पर विल्सन

(१)प्रोफेसर एस.एस.विल्सन लिखतें हैं :

“वेदों में मंदिरों का कहीं संकेत नहीं है ना ही किसी सामूहिक भवन का वर्णन ही मिलता हैं, साफ़ है कि पूजा पूर्णतः घरेलु थीं”

(विल्सन्स ऋग्वेद इंट्रोडक्शन किताब १ पृष्ट XV)

(२)पुनः लिखतें हैं :

“अब तक हमारी जितनी जानकारी हैं, शिव,महादेव,काली,दुर्गा,राम और कृष्ण के नाम वेदों में नहीं मिलते, एक रूद्र नाम आता है जिसे बाद में शिव ही मान लिया गया।“

(आइबीडपृष्टxxvi)

(३)आगे लिखते हैं :

“ औरआज जिस रूप में भारतवर्ष में पूजा होती हैं, अर्थात लिंग की पूजा, उसका नाम मात्र भी संकेत , कम से कम पिछली १० शताब्दियों में नहीं मिलता। ना ही कोई संकेत ब्रह्मा, विष्णु और महेश, त्रिमूर्ति का ही प्राप्त होता है।“                       आइबीड XXVII

(४)आगे श्रीमान लिखतें हैं :

“और फिर भी मनु ना किसी अवतार,ना राम और ना ही कृष्ण कोइंगितकरतेंहैं। अतः यही माननीय हैं कि वे रामायण और महाभारत काल के बाद विकसित हुई पूजा पद्दति के पूर्व कालीन हैं।“

(५)श्री मिल्स एच.एच.विल्सन के विचारों को इस प्रकार उद्धृत करते हैं:

“…. परन्तु वे(ब्राह्मण) पगान पादरियों की तरह या यहूदियों की तरह कभी भी सार्वजानिक पूजा का आयोजन, व्यक्ति विशेष के लिए पूजन, मंदिरों में पूजन यामूर्तियों का पूजन नहीं करते थे।

जोब्राह्मणमूर्तियों की पूजा करता उसेपतित और धार्मिकआयोजनों में ना बुलाया जाता”

(मनुII१५२,१८०)-(मिल्सहिस्ट्री ऑफ़ ब्रिटिश इंडिया कितब२पृष्ट १९२)

(७)  श्रीएच.एच.विल्सन पुनः बताते हैं-

“परन्तु पूजनीय महापुरुषों की पूजा उससमाज का हिस्सा नहीं हैं और ना ही देवताओंका अवतरण जैसा की अन्य ग्रंथों में निर्देशित हैं जो अबतक मैंने देखीं हैं यद्यपि कुछ भाष्यकारों द्वारा इसपर संकेत किया गया है।“

“यह भी सत्य है कि वैदिक पूजा के अधिकतर भाग निजी हैं, जिनमे स्तुति आदि अनुष्ठान,एक अदृश्य व्यापक अप्रमाणिक सत्ता को संबोधित करते हुए,स्वयं की उन्नति लिए संपन्न किये जाते हैं,किसी मंदिर में नहीं।“

“एकशब्द में, वैदिक मत मूर्तिपूजक नहीं हैं।“

(एच.एच.विल्सन विष्णुपुराण प्रकथन पृष्ट १११)

(८)  पुनः लिखतें हैं-

“कर्ता और क्रिया में भेद मूर्तिपूजा से ही विकसित हुई है।प्रतिमा ने मुख्य प्रति की जगह लेली, और ना ही वेदों में परिपूर्ण हो रहे रहस्यवाद और वाक्यरचना[**] की कोई व्यवस्था की गयी।“

(मिल्स हिस्ट्री ऑफ़ ब्रिटिश इंडिया कितब१ पृष्ट ३९२)

(९)इसके अलावा वे लिखतें हैं :

“…. परन्तु पद्धति नयी है, जगन्नाथ स्वयं नवीन है और वैष्णवों के पुराणों में इनका कोई स्थान नहीं। यह असम्भाव्य है कि वर्त्तमान स्थल का महिमामंडन अधिक से अधिक एक शताब्दी से पूर्व हुआ हो।“

(मिल्स हिस्ट्री ऑफ़ इंडिया पृष्ट४१६)

 

पंचम अध्याय 

मोहम्मदनविद्वानों के विचार मूर्तिपूजा विषय पर

अब हम मध्यकालीन भारत के दो सर्वाधिक पढ़े-लिखेमुसलमान सज्जनों केविचारों की ओर नज़र डालेंगे जो यह कहतेंहैंकिहिंदुत्व का मुर्तिपूजन से कोई नाता नहीं हैं।

(१) मौलाना अबुल फज़ल, अकबर के दरबार के प्रधानमंत्री लिखतें हैं :

“वे(हिन्दू) सभीएकेश्वरवाद में विश्वास रखतें हैं औरयद्यपि वे मूर्तियों को विशेष सम्मान से रखतें हैं फिर भी वे किसी प्रकार मूर्तिपूजक नहीं हैं जैसा की अज्ञानी जन समझतें हैं।“

(आयींने अकबरी,एफ़ गोडविनभाष्यकिताब६ पृष्ट २९४)

(२)मौलाना अलबेरुनी, अरबी और संस्कृत के विद्वान जो महमूद ग़ज़नी के साथ भारत आये थे लिखते हैं:

“… परन्तु हम ये घोषणा करते हैं कि मूर्तियाँ केवलअनपढ़लोगों द्वारा स्थापित की जातीं हैं।

स्वच्छंद विचारों के मार्ग पर चलने वाले यादर्शन शास्त्र पढने वाले जो सत्य का सार प्राप्त करना चाहतें हैं वे इश्वारुपसना को छोड़ अन्य सभी विचारों से मुक्त हैंऔर प्रतिक रूप में स्थापित की गयी चित्र आदि वस्तुवों की पूजा की कल्पना भी नहीं करते।“

(अल्बेरुनिस इंडिया डॉ. ई.सि.सोचोऊ भाष्य कितब१ अध्याय XI पृष्ट ११२-११३)

(२) अतः मौलाना अलबेरुनी आगे जोड़ते हैं :

“इन सभी मूढ़ प्रलापों को दर्शाने का  हमारा उद्देश्य पाठक को मूर्ति का विवरण देना है, अगर कोई कहीं मूर्ति देख ले  औरउसकी व्याख्या करे तो जैसा हमने पहले कहा कि मूर्तियाँ नासमझ अनपढ़निम्न दर्जे के लोगों द्वारा स्थापित की गयींऔर हिन्दुवों ने कभी इश्वर के मूर्तियों की स्थापना नहीं की।”

(ईबिड पृष्ट ११२)

षष्ट अध्याय

मूर्तिपूजा का मूलइसाई मत

हमारेमुसलमानऔरइसाई भाइयों की धारणा है कि मूर्तिपूजा का मूल हिन्दू मान्यताओं में हैं, निश्चित रूप से वे गलत हैं। पहले दर्शाये गए विचार अपनी व्याख्या खुद ही करतें हैं। स्वामी राम तीर्थ, जो यूरोप वासी तो नहीं थे परन्तु कई यूरोपीय और अमरीकियों के मार्गदर्शी हुए, पूछते हैं :

“…. भारत में मूर्तिपूजा कौन लाया?आज ये इसाई आपसे कहेंगे कि आप मूर्तिपूजक हो परन्तुभारतकी कविताओं, व्यक्रण, गणित, शिल्पकला, गायन और अन्य वृहद् वैदिक साहित्य में लेश मात्र भी मूर्तिपूजा के संकेत नहीं मिलते। यह मूर्तिपूजा आई कहाँ से? भारतीय धर्म के किसी भी रूप का ये हिस्सा नहीं है। मूर्तिपूजा भारत में ईसाईयों द्वारा आई। इतिहास का यह पृष्ट अब तक लोगों के नेत्रों से दूर रहा हैं परन्तु मेरा अनुसन्धान अबछपकरतैयार होगा।

“मैंने आतंरिक एवं बहारी दोनों साक्ष्यों द्वारा ये सिद्ध किया है कि ईसा के चौंथी और पाँचवी शताब्दीबाद भी कुछ रोमन कैथोलिकइसाई भारत में बसते हैं। दक्षिण भारत में वे संत थॉमस इसाई कहे जाते हैं। इन्होने ही मूर्तिपूजा की शुरुवात की। फिर आतंरिक साक्ष्य से, मैंने सिद्ध किया है कि मूर्तिपूजा के प्रबल समर्थक रामानुजकेनिर्देशकों में से एक ये संत थॉमस इसाई थे। जैसाहमें ज्ञात है, इन्होने पहले जिस मूर्ति को शीश नवाया वह पूर्वमुखी नहीं हैं।

“मेरे सौभाग्यावानो, यह दर्शाता है किमूर्तिपूजा का मूल उस मत में है जिसे आप इसाई मत कहतें हैं। येमिशनरी जोआज मूर्तिपूजा का खंडन करते हैं, एक ओर मुर्तिपूजा को निक्रिस्ट मानते हैं और दूसरी ओर मूर्तियों का व्यापार कर पैसे कमातें हैं। इस तरह तुम (मिशनरी) लोगोंका धर्मान्तरण करना चाहते हो। क्या यह मूर्तियाँ जिन्हें तुम बनाकर बेचते हो वो तुम्हारे गोसपेल से ज्यादा शक्तिशाली हैं? अब ये तुम ही निर्णय करो।“

(इन वुड्स ऑफ़ गॉड-रेलिज़ेशनकिताब ३ पृष्ट ३११-३१२)

इतने संस्कृत और यूरोपीय विद्वानों के साक्ष्य प्रस्तुत करने के बाद लिखने को कुछ और अधिक नहीं रह गया है। अब पाठक स्वयं ये निर्णय करे कि वेदों में मूर्तिपूजा की खोज कहाँ तक सफल होगी।

छोटे शब्दों में :

(क) …..ओल्ड टेस्टामेंट का इश्वर आदम और हव्वा से बातें करता है औरअब्राहम की रसोई से खाना खाता है औरमोसेस से वार्ता करने बादलों से प्रकट हो जाता है।

(ख) …ईसाईयों का इश्वर कुवांरी कन्याओं को गर्भवतीबना सकता है और इस तरह विश्वमें अपने “मात्र पुत्र” का जन्मदाता है।

(ग)  ….. कुरान का अल्लाह आदम, नोआह और अब्राहम के समक्ष प्रकट होने को हमेशा तैयार बैठा रहता है।

(घ)  …… परन्तु वैदिक इश्वर एक ऐसा है जो देहधारी नहीं है और किसी सीमा से बाधित नहीं है और निश्चित रूप से सभी देश, काल और वस्तु में वसता है।

हे सनातनी हिन्दू सज्जनों, आपने ऊपर दिए गए साक्ष्यों को पढ़ा और जाना कि सिर्फ दयानंद ही नहीं हैं जो मूर्तिपूजा त्यागने को कहतें हैं वरन वे सभी, जिन्होंने वेदों और अन्य प्राचीन शास्त्रों का अध्ययन किया है, यही मानते हैं। अतः आप सभी सत्य को स्वीकार करें, जैसा की आप जानते हैं:

“सत्यमेवजयते”

इति